Japanese Vocabulary Lesson 20: Parts of the eye

This week I will be talking about a more specific subject than most of the times.

Some days ago, to correct my eyesight, I underwent a laser surgery in this place:

It is a kinda futuristic-looking building, and it has a myopia clinic in the 13th and 14th floors.
It was really not scary at all, and after the surgery there is no pain and no itch. There is only an awesome vision!

Really recommend it to people who have the same problem!

So, as a related subject, I’m talking about the parts of the eye, in Japanese!

Starting from the above left:

English
Japanese
Iris 虹彩 (こうさい, kousai)
Pupil 瞳孔 (どうこう, doukou)
Cornea 角膜 (かくまく, kakumaku)
Lens 水晶体 (すいしょうたい, suishoutai)
Muscles (ciliary body) 毛様体 (もうようたい, mouyoutai)
Vitreous body 硝子体 (しょうしたい, shoushitai)
Optic nerve 視神経 (ししんけい, shishinkei)
Macula 黄斑 (おうはん, ouhan)
Retina 網膜 (もうまく, moumaku)
Choroid 脈絡膜 (みゃくらくまく, myakurakumaku)
Sclera 強膜 (きょうまく, kyoumaku)

The last two parts are not pointed in the picture, but the choroid is located out of the retina, and the sclera is located out of the choroid.

Oh and by the way:

Myopia – 近視 (きんし, kinshi)
Astigmatism – 乱視 (らんし, ranshi)

Kinda complicated words right? This should have been the most difficult vocabulary lesson until now!


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