Japanese Grammar Lesson 9: Casual/Polite form – affirmative pattern

Following last week’s lesson about the negative and interrogative patterns of the casual (dictionary form), today I will be explaining about yet another form, which is situated between the casual and the polite ones, so to easily understand, I will be calling it casual/polite form. It has the exact same meaning but it is mostly used in conversations.

Proceeding to the verb construction, it can be quite easily explained!

Basically, you just have to get the casual form, and add “ndesu“.

Example sentence: Watashi wa Nihon he ikundesu (I go to Japan).

And that’s it!

You got yourself a new verb form, with little effort! ^O^

Here are the old forms, and the equivalent new ones, using the verb iku (to go):

POLITE CASUAL CASUAL/POLITE
PRESENT AFFIRMATIVE ikimasu iku ikundesu
PRESENT NEGATIVE ikimasen ikanai ikanaindesu
PRESENT INTERROGATIVE ikimasuka iku(?) ikundesuka
PAST AFFIRMATIVE ikimashita itta ittandesu
PAST NEGATIVE ikimasendeshita ikanakatta ikanakattandesu
PAST INTERROGATIVE ikimashitaka itta(?) ittandesuka

P.S.: Can you discover the meaning of the kanji above? I will be saying it in next week’s lesson! Hint: It describes today’s lesson!

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One thought on “Japanese Grammar Lesson 9: Casual/Polite form – affirmative pattern

  1. Hey!
    Now your blog gets even more interesting for me! Never heard and used that verbform before. So thank you for sharing your knowledge.

    greetings from Switzerland ^^/
    (まるちゃんは働くんです。)

    ps. how are you acutally?

    Like

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